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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Malaria Among Adults Living in Bosaso-Somalia

According to WHO-EMRO report in 2016, Confirmed malaria cases in Somalia from 2013 to 2015 were gradually increased from 7407, 11001 and 20953 respectively, indicating that malaria is a serious health concern in Somalia and specifically Bosaso become one of the most endemic areas of malaria in Somalia. Bosaso is one of the most populous towns in Somalia's Puntland state, with a population of over 700,000 people. Bosaso district is a malaria endemic area with malaria control measures in place, yet the prevalence of malaria in this town remains high, with around 11522 cases reported in the first nine months of 2017. Malaria threatens the entire Somali population, with 51 percent at high risk, therefore this study aims to determine the prevalence and factors related to occurrence of malaria in Bosaso. Between December 2017 and January 2018, a community-based analytical cross-sectional research was done in eight selected villages in Bosaso, Somalia. 384 adults living in Bosaso were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire. In January 2018, 75 (19.7 percent) of the study population had malaria. Age and family income were found to have a statistically significant association with malaria occurrence (OR = 2.2, 0.013 and 2.3, 0.033, respectively). Regarding prevention measures, people who did not use mosquito nets had an increased risk of malaria (OR = 2.18, P-value = 0.004), and people who did not use protective clothing had an increased risk of malaria (OR = 1.75, P-value = 0.035), Furthermore, open or half-covered water tanks in the home were linked to the prevalence of malaria (OR = 1.6, P-value = 0.029). Finally, to reduce malaria occurrence in Bosaso these measures should be taken; Malaria prevention and control education should be provided to the community via the use of mass media and any other appropriate method, and individuals should follow malaria preventative measures like as sleeping under mosquito net, using IRS in home and taking on protective cloths in exposed areas.

Malaria, Risk Factors, Mosquito Nets, Bosaso

Elmi Omar Haji Elmi, Mohamed Bashir Askar, Abdiaziz Jama Ali, Abdikarim Ali Ibrahim, Mohamed Ahmed Moalim. (2023). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Malaria Among Adults Living in Bosaso-Somalia. International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 11(3), 44-49.

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