Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 22-27
Cross-sectional Assesses on Irrational Use of Veterinary Drugs in Adami Tulu Jiddo Kombolcha Distrct, East Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
Feyyisa Koji, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Adem Kumbe, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Yabello Pastoral and Dry-land Agricultural Research Center, Yabello, Ethiopia
Ayele Beyene, School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawasa University, Hawasa, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 19, 2020;       Published: Sep. 16, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijbse.20200803.11      View  68      Downloads  29
Abstract
A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to March, 2015 at Adami-Tulu Jiddo kombolcha district in five peasant association and four towns to assess the irrational use of veterinary drugs in food producing animals and assess the factors those leads to irrational uses of veterinary drugs from farmers, veterinary clinicians and private veterinary pharmacists’ side. Out of 60 farmers interviewed, 55 (91.7%) of them uses veterinary drugs. From these 55 respondents, 44 (80%) of them treat their animals by presenting to the clinic and 11 (20%) of them treat by themselves at home with veterinary drugs. There was statistically significant association (P<0.05) between source of a drug and response of the disease to treatment. Of the total 60 farmers, 18 (30%) uses black market, 22 (36.7%) uses veterinary pharmacy and 20 (33.3%) uses veterinary clinic as a source of drugs. Among these 17 (94.4%), 2 (9.1%) and 3 (15%) of them responded as these sources of drugs have no response to treatment from the black market, veterinary pharmacy and veterinary clinic respectively. Regarding with drug regulation problem 7 (70%) of the farmers responded as there were lack of veterinary drug supply and lack of veterinary supervision. In line with clinicians, of the total 10 interviewed, 2 (20%) of them responded as the farmers reject their advice on animals’ treatment approach and 10% of the clinicians depend on the farmers’ needs on the way they use the drugs. In line with drug availability and its effectivity related issues, 8 (80%) of clinicians responded as there was no sufficient drug availability and no effective drug for the specific disease. On the other hand from 10 private veterinary pharmacists interviewed, 7 (70%) of them sell drugs without prescription. Generally irrational use of veterinary drugs is a common problem in developing countries where resource and educated human power are not access as wanted. Hence, growing awareness in the community about the rational use of veterinary drugs and controlling the illegal contraband of it were recommended as the main measures to alleviate the expansion of irrational use of vet drugs.
Keywords
Adami Tulu, Veterinary Drug, Irrational Use, Rational Use, Factors for Irrational Use
To cite this article
Feyyisa Koji, Adem Kumbe, Ayele Beyene, Cross-sectional Assesses on Irrational Use of Veterinary Drugs in Adami Tulu Jiddo Kombolcha Distrct, East Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 22-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbse.20200803.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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